All articles for the topic: Afghanistan

Mountains in Nepal

Climate action in the Hindu Kush Himalaya

This event provided a platform for stakeholders from the Hindu Kush Himalaya to discuss how regional collaboration can deliver ambitious climate action in the region.

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Two people walking on a mountain in Hindu Kush Himalaya. View with a peak behind and a blue sky.

The Hindu Kush Himalaya Assessment

This open access volume is the first comprehensive assessment of the Hindu Kush Himalaya (HKH) region. 

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Mitigation: Afghanistan's greenhouse gas emissions are generally low, with international technical and financial support Afghanistan has conditionally committed to 13.6% reduction in greenhouse gas emissions by 2030 when compared to the business as usual scenario. Mitigation activities will focus on the energy, natural resources, agriculture, waste, and mining sectors. Specific activities look at renewable energy production, energy efficiency, afforestation and reforestation, irrigation infrastructure, climate smart agriculture, efficient transportation, waste management, mitigation related to coal mining. ' Adaptation: Afghanistan's general adaptation priorities include: enhancing adaptive capacity, resilience, and disaster risk reduction preparedness across its population; integrating climate change into national planning processes; promoting sustainable rural livelihoods; improving the technical capacity of government institutions; adaptive and integrated land and water management; improving resource access for rural communities and farmers; and raising public awareness of climate change and adaptation. Specific policies and strategies to date focus on renewable energy, water management, disaster risk reduction, agriculture and rural development, biodiversity, and forestry. Afghanistan will require external support to meet its adaptation needs. International Climate and Environmental Commitments: The Paris Agreement (Party), United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (Party), Kyoto Protocol to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (Party), United Nations Convention to Combat Desertification (Party), Convention on Biological Diversity (Party), Convention on the International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Flora and Fauna (Party), Convention on Wetlands of International Importance Especially as Waterfowl Habitat (Not Party)


Afghanistan is a land locked country in South and Central Asia, with a diverse semi-arid and arid geography including mountains and flat lands. Afghanistan faces significant socioeconomic development challenges, and is particularly vulnerable to climate change. In Afghanistan, climate change is expected to increase the likelihood of flooding, drought, heat waves, and disasters like glacial lake outflows. These climate change impacts threaten the natural resources much of the population depend on for their livelihoods, as well as social equity, food security, political stability, and public health.




<span class="isdb-tag">Climate Smart Agriculture</span> <span class="isdb-tag"> Food Insecurity</span> <span class="isdb-tag"> Reforestation and/or Afforestation</span> <span class="isdb-tag"> Energy Efficiency</span> <span class="isdb-tag"> Hydrometeorological Hazards</span> <span class="isdb-tag"> Community Organization and Action</span> <span class="isdb-tag"> Rural Development</span> <span class="isdb-tag"> Agriculture Fishing Forestry Sector</span> <span class="isdb-tag"> Community Organization and Action</span> <span class="isdb-tag"> Conflict and Insecurity</span> <span class="isdb-tag"> Education and Public Awareness</span>
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