All articles for the topic: Pakistan

Mountains in Nepal

Climate action in the Hindu Kush Himalaya

This event provided a platform for stakeholders from the Hindu Kush Himalaya to discuss how regional collaboration can deliver ambitious climate action in the region.

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Climate justice cover picture

CBA14 Marketplace: Adapting for Climate Justice

This publication presents two case-studies of community-based and locally led adaptation, support by Islamic Relief. The publication more generally addresses climate justice and adaptation in the context of Islamic Relief projects.

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Two people walking on a mountain in Hindu Kush Himalaya. View with a peak behind and a blue sky.

The Hindu Kush Himalaya Assessment

This open access volume is the first comprehensive assessment of the Hindu Kush Himalaya (HKH) region. 

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Case studies which show interlinkages between gender and climate change

Persistent Gender and Social Exclusion in Development

This article describes why policies supporting climate change adaptation in mountains must consider gender and how it interacts with other factors such as class/caste, ethnicity and geography.

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Mitigation: As Pakistan pursues economic growth, the country describes itself as well poised to capitalize on mitigation potential, but dependent on external financial and technical contributions to realize that potential. In terms of energy production and demand, high priority mitigation options include increasing technical efficiency within the energy system and investing in renewable energy generation. Within the agriculture sector, high-priority mitigation projects include improving irrigation and water management, managing methane release from rice production, and implementing agroforestry practices. Adaptation: Pakistan's adaptation priority is mainstreaming climate change socially and economically across sectors and the population. Achieving this goal will involve improving irrigation systems, refined water management, strengthening risk management for the agricultural sector, implementing climate smart agriculture, building climate-resilient infrastructure, and improved extreme climate event response mechanisms. These adaptation actions will require external financial and technical support in building Pakistan's physical, institutional, and human capacity. International Climate and Environmental Commitments: The Paris Agreement (Party), United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (Party), Kyoto Protocol to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (Party), United Nations Convention to Combat Desertification (Party), Convention on Biological Diversity (Party), Convention on the International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Flora and Fauna (Party), Convention on Wetlands of International Importance Especially as Waterfowl Habitat (Party)


Pakistan's NDC-SDG Connections

Pakistan is geographically and climactically diverse, ranging from coastal to glacial areas, meaning Pakistan faces diverse climate challenges including flooding, glacial melt, cyclones, drought, heatwaves, and earthquakes. Pakistan is also considered to be highly vulnerable to climate change impacts. Pakistan's socio-economic context, as an agricultural economy with population clustering around the Indus river and issues with deforestation and its forestry sector, further exposes it to climate change impacts, which in turn impact Pakistan's ability to pursue economic growth that matches the rate of population growth and can address issues with basic service provision in the country.




<span class="isdb-tag">Hydropower</span> <span class="isdb-tag"> Solar Power</span> <span class="isdb-tag"> Nuclear Power</span> <span class="isdb-tag"> Education and Public Awareness</span> <span class="isdb-tag"> Geophysical Hazards</span> <span class="isdb-tag"> Hydrometeorological Hazards</span> <span class="isdb-tag"> Reforestation and/or Afforestation </span>

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